• FAQ

    One of the next steps to truly introduce 5G in Belgium, is the auction of the 5G licences.

    However, the public will not be able to use 5G immediately after the auction either. The roll-out of 5G networks requires private companies to invest in network infrastructure. Consequently, the introduction of 5G in Belgium is not only defined by the availability of spectrum but by the willingness of providers to invest in 5G as well.

  • FAQ

    All you need to know about 5G

    5G further increases the mobile networks’ capacity for these to be able to continue to digest the still rapidly increasing mobile data traffic. For instance, a tenfold increase has been reported for data traffic in the past 5 years.

    In addition, 5G supports the Internet of Things and new applications, for instance for the automotive industry, health care and media and entertainment.

    5G aims at continuing to improve the mobile networks’ possibilities. Three spearheads can be distinguished in this regard:

    • an increase of the data speed per user and an increase of the mobile networks’ capacity in order to be able to manage the future growth of the mobile traffic. This will result in a better user experience and allow applications requiring more speed, e.g. Ultra-High Definition Video, Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality …;
    • an improved reliability and latency. This allows to develop innovative services, the latency of which is crucial, for instance autonomous driving;
    • an increase of the number of devices that can be connected in a given area. This boosts the growth of the Internet of Things, which allows a more efficient management and follow-up not only in various sectors but in your home environment as well (Smart Homes, Smart Ports, Smart Agriculture ...).

  • FAQ

    In December 2020, Proximus activated 5G in the spectrum for which temporary user rights had been obtained at a number of sites.

    In addition, for its 5G Light product, launched in April 2020, Proximus uses the frequency bands that had already been assigned to it in the past based on its 3G licence, i.e. the 2100 MHz band. In accordance with the principle of technological neutrality (imposed by the European Directives), the operators having obtained user rights in a given frequency band are free to choose which technology they use. In that regard, Proximus’s démarche was completely legal. The accompanying tariff plan was baptised Mobilus 5G Unlimited and was offered at 49.99 EUR/month. It allows a download speed that is up to 30% higher than with 4G.
    Proximus has to continue to comply with the current radiation standards for its 5G Light product as well.

    Telenet will be gradually launching its mobile 5G network as of December 2021.

    The first 5G zones are located around Leuven, Antwerp and the coast. Customers with a 5G smartphone and a ONE, ONEup, KLIK and KING or KONG Business subscription will be the first to experience the benefits of this new technology. The other mobile products of Telenet, Telenet Business and BASE will follow in the spring of 2022. The 5G network will then be developed in the following years.

    Currently 5G test licences are also deployed for 5G testing.

    All you need to know about 5G

  • FAQ

    5G is introduced in Belgium in keeping with the European guidelines. With the 5G Action Plan for Europe the European Commission suggested a coordinated roll-out of 5G as early as 2016. The European Union designated three preferential frequency bands for the 5G technology: 700 MHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz. The European Electronic Communications Code, approved by the European Parliament and the Council (in which also Belgium is represented by the competent minister) and which had to be transposed into Belgian law by 21 December 2020, imposed a specific schedule on the Member States for the introduction of 5G in these frequency bands.
    This schedule is binding. By the end of June 2020 the deadline for making the 700 MHz band available expired, the period of validity of the user rights for the other pioneer bands had to end by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

    The introduction in Belgium was the result of a long democratic process. This was initiated by the BIPT with the publication of its communication of 10 September 2018 regarding the introduction of 5G in Belgium. Next, the BIPT published different public consultations on the legislative texts. In July 2018 the then federal Council of Ministers adopted the draft texts organising the 3400-3800 MHz band auction for the first time. Prior to proceeding to an auction, the Consultation Committee, the body for the alignment of the different Belgian governments’ policies, has to come to an agreement regarding this.

    At the same time as the deliberations in the Consultation Committee, the federal Parliament was informed as well. On 11 December 2019 a hearing regarding the 5G roll-out took place and a topical debate on 5 February.

    In the absence of a political agreement and with the European deadline for the introduction of 5G in sight, the BIPT initiated a procedure for the granting of temporary user rights in a part of the 3600 MHz band for the provision of 5G. Early 2020, the BIPT launched a call for candidates. The draft decision for the granting of the temporary licences to the candidate operators (Cegeka, Entropia Investments BVBA, Orange Belgium, Proximus and Telenet Group), including the terms and conditions for use, such as the technical requirements, the fees due, the validity of the licence ... was published for public consultation on 23 March 2020. 

    On 22 January 2021, the federal Council of Ministers reviewed the 5G case and ratified a bill and a number of Royal Decrees enabling the auction of 5G rights in our country following the approval of, among others, the Consultation Committee. 

    On 26 May 2021 the Consultation Committee already approved the bill, which was adopted in the Chamber’s plenary assembly on 17 June and was published in the Belgian Official Gazette on 6 July 2021.

    Following this, a public consultation was held from 16 July until 31 August 2021 on the Royal Decrees further implementing the multiband auction during which 5G user rights shall be put up for auction as well.

    On November 24, 2021, the consultation committee gave its final approval regarding the royal decrees for the auction of 5G spectrum. After the publication of the royal decrees on 23 December 2021, BIPT has started with the preparations for the auction. This is planned for the second quarter of 2022.

    All you need to know about 5G

  • FAQ

    You must register via a GMDSS examination centre. 

    The practical exam takes place on the equipment used by the candidate during his or her training. 

    There is a €73.39 registration fee, which is non-refundable. 

    In case of an annulment more than one week before the exam or upon presentation of a medical certificate, the registration fee can be moved to another date. 

    To pass, one must obtain 50% of the points for each subject and 60% in total. No exoneration will be granted for the practical part. 

    In case of a re-examination, an exemption is only granted for the theoretical parts for which the candidate obtained 70% or more and if the candidate does so within one year after the original examination. 

    In the event of a re-examination, the practical part must always be redone.
     

  • FAQ

    There are several examination levels, from beginner to advanced.

    • For beginners: 

    Examination C (basic operator certificate) consists of 30 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual. 
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong answer or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score 80%. 
    No exemptions are granted on the subject matters.
    To take this exam, you must hold a certificate confirming that you passed a practical test organised by a radio amateur association recognised by the IBPT.

    • For novices: 

    Examination B (novice operator certificate) consists of 38 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual (20 questions on the technical aspects, 10 questions on the legislation and 8 questions on the procedures).
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score at least 50% for each component. 
    No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

    • For experts: 

    Examination A (HAREC operator certificate) consists of 48 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual (30 questions on the technical aspects, 10 questions on the legislation and 8 questions on the procedures).
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score at least 50% for each component. 
    No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

  • FAQ

    Access to the examination room is only granted upon presentation of your ID card.

    • The VHF examination consists of 20 multiple choice questions about the subject matter covered by the preparation manual for the examination to obtain the radiotelephone operator’s restricted certificate. To pass the exam one has to score 60%. No exemptions are granted on the subject matter.
      If you wish a printed version of the VHF manual, please transfer €5 on the account IBAN BE68 6791 7078 16 34 (BIC: PCHQBEBB) with the communication “VHF Manual” and send a copy of the proof of payment per e-mail to maritime@ibpt.be.
    • The SRC examination consists of 33 multiple choice questions (23 SRC and 10 VHF) about the subject matters covered by the examination programme. To pass the exam one has to score 60% for each subject matter. No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

  • FAQ

    Send an e-mail to examen@bipt.be with your last name, first name, postal details (address), your phone number, a copy of both sides of your ID card and a passport-sized photograph (with a white background). There is a €32,03 registration fee, which is non-refundable.

    In case of an annulment more than one week before the exam or upon presentation of a medical certificate, the registration fee can be moved to another date.

    For the SRC exam, you must also enclose an SRC training certificate issued by an approved training centre (link to FAQ3). Attention, it is only valid for one year. After that, the certificate will not be accepted.

    Our department will contact you to propose examination dates. Once your application is registered, you will receive a conformation e-mail mentioning the payment information as well as other information.

    Registration is possible up to two weeks before the examination date, as long as places are available.

  • FAQ

    Send an e-mail to examen@ibpt.be with your last name, first name, postal details (address), your phone number and a copy of both sides of your ID card.

    If you wish to take a level C exam, please enclose the certificate of achievement of a practical test organised by a recognised association.

    Our department will contact you to propose examination dates.

    Please note that you must be at least 12 years old to take an exam.

  • FAQ

    This information is described in the radio amateur frequency plan table which is based on a decision of the BIPT.

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