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CB

CB radios operate in the 27 MHz frequency band and are used for communications between truck drivers or hunters, for the organisation of small events, for leisure purposes, etc.

The use of CB radios is free since 1 January 2010, provided they meet the following conditions:

  • Either 40 channels FM 4 W;
  • Either 40 channels AM-FM-SSB 4 W;
  • Either 22 channels AM-FM-SSB 0.5 W.

CB radios with 80 channels and/or with more than 4 W are forbidden.

CB radios must bear the CE marking.

Transmissions happen on frequencies shared with other users and the absence of interference cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, using these radio devices for security applications is not recommended.

Microphones

Wireless microphones may be used without authorisation on certain frequencies.

Frequencies (MHz) Power Comments
29,7 – 47,0 10 mW ERP Specific frequencies cf. B10-01
202-209 50 mW ERP  
518-526 50 mW ERP  
534-542 50 mW ERP Forbidden in the Province of Hainaut and in the Entre-Sambre et Meuse region
823-826 20 mW EIRP (hand-held microphone)
100 mW EIRP (belt microphone)
 
826-832 100 mW EIRP  
863-865 10 mW EIRP  
1785-1800 20 mW EIRP (hand-held microphone)
50 mW EIRP (belt microphone)
 

ERP: effective radiated power, EIRP: effective isotropic radiated power: these powers are radiated by the antenna. A gain antenna must therefore be used by reducing the power of the transmitter.

The antenna being used must be certified by the manufacturer of the transmitter.

PMR-446

Unlike CB radios, PMR-446 radios operate in higher frequency bands, providing a better indoor coverage.

PMR-446 radios are used for communications between hunters, for the organisation of small events, for leisure purposes, etc.

The use of PMR-446 radios is free since 1 January 2010, provided they meet the following conditions:

  • Either 8 analogue channels in the 446.0-446.1 MHz band with 0.5 W;
  • Either 16 analogue channels in the 446.0-446.2 MHz band with 0.5 W;
  • Either 8 or 16 digital channels in the 446.1-446.2 MHz band with 0.5 W;
  • Either 16 or 32 digital channels in the 446.0-446.2 MHz band with 0.5 W.

PMR-446 radios with more than 0.5 W are forbidden.

PMR-446 radios must bear the CE marking. The antenna must be built in, it must be attached from the start to the device and there cannot be any cable between the antenna and the device. PMR-446 radios must also be able to operate via an internal battery.

Transmissions happen on frequencies shared with other users and the absence of interference cannot be guaranteed. Therefore, using these radio devices for security applications is not recommended.

Possession

The possession of transmitters mentioned in this section is free. For the possession of transmitters subject to licensing, a specific authorisation must be requested.

Wi-Fi

Authorised frequencies and powers are laid out in the following table

Frequencies (MHz) Power Use Comments
2400.0-2483.5 100 mW EIRP   See interface B02-01 for power conditions
5150-5250 200 mW EIRP Indoor usage See interface B03-01 for power conditions
5250-5350 200 mW EIRP Indoor usage See interface B02-02 for power conditions
5470-5725 1 W EIRP    See interface B02-03 for power conditions

EIRP: effective isotropic radiated power: this is the power radiated by the antenna. A gain antenna must therefore be used by reducing the power of the transmitter.

Transmissions happen on frequencies shared with other users and the absence of interference cannot be guaranteed.

If signal repeaters are allowed, amplifiers are forbidden.

The antenna being used must be certified by the manufacturer of the transmitter.

Short-range devices

These devices include car keys, garage door openers, weather stations, etc. 

When buying these devices, make sure they bear the CE marking.

DECT

These cordless telephones are used by residential users as an alternative or in addition to a fixed telephone.

These devices operate in the 1880-1900 MHz frequency band.

Telephones operating in other frequency bands are available on the Internet. 

However, these are forbidden in Belgium for that purpose.

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