• FAQ

    No, the radio station can only be used to convey information on technical research and related subjects in plain language. It is thus forbidden to tell your life story or to use encrypted or coded messages. However, after authorisation of the Institute, the holder of an authorisation for an automated station or for a remote-controlled station can use encrypted messages for the management of his/her station.

    In case of exercises organised by a Belgian emergency service, the holder of an operator’s certificate of the 5th category can, with prior approval of the Institute, communicate on subjects related to these exercises.

    Upon request from the relevant authorities responsible for crisis management, the holder of a 5th category certificate can help Belgian emergency services by deploying his/her 5th category stations in order to compensate for the failure of electronic communications. In this context only, the radio amateur can: transmit encrypted or coded messages, use any station of the 5th category, with the approval of the holder of the authorisation of the station concerned; and communicate regarding subjects related to the activities of the emergency services.

  • FAQ

    You have an e-mail address without a domain name from your current telecoms operator

    For instance: you have your own domain name (jean@dupont.be) or you use a Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo... address.

    You can always keep that e-mail address.

     

    You have an e-mail address with a domain name from your current telecoms operator

    For instance: jean.dupont@skynet.be, jean.dupont@telenet.be...

    You can keep that e-mail address for 18 months. This service is free but you have to request it before the end of your subscription. During that period, you can share your new e-mail address with your contacts. Your operator must offer you one of the following options:

    •    Keep on using your previous e-mail address for 18 months.
    •    Immediately close your previous e-mail address and forward the e-mails sent to the previous address to the new one for 18 months.

    After this 18-month period, the operator may offer the possibility to keep these facilities, but upon your request and against payment. 
     

  • FAQ

    Most manufacturers commercialise 5G compatible telephones but the majority of the Belgian users does not have such a device. In general, a new device will have to be purchased in order to be able to use 5G.

    All you need to know about 5G

  • FAQ

    All you need to know about 5G

    At the request of the Brussels Region, the BIPT carried out a study in September 2018 already, to determine which radiation standards would be necessary to roll out mobile 5G networks (5G). The technical report regarding the impact of the current Brussels radiation standards on the roll-out of mobile networks concluded that, taking into account the expected increase in data traffic and a desired roll-out of 5G, the radiation standards needed to be adjusted. The report was about 5G roll-out, but it also warned that 4G networks too risked congestion in the long run. That was confirmed by the study of 8 March 2021, in which the BIPT predicts the risks of congestion of the 4G networks in 3 major cities:

    • The study predicts that the 4G networks in Antwerp do not risk a considerable congestion.
    • In Liège the risk of a partial congestion during peak hours is expected for 4G networks. 
    • For Brussels the study warns against a risk of a major congestion during peak hours for 4G networks.

  • FAQ

    In December 2020, Proximus activated 5G in the spectrum for which temporary user rights had been obtained at a number of sites.

    In addition, for its 5G Light product, launched in April 2020, Proximus uses the frequency bands that had already been assigned to it in the past based on its 3G licence, i.e. the 2100 MHz band. In accordance with the principle of technological neutrality (imposed by the European Directives), the operators having obtained user rights in a given frequency band are free to choose which technology they use. In that regard, Proximus’s démarche was completely legal. The accompanying tariff plan was baptised Mobilus 5G Unlimited and was offered at 49.99 EUR/month. It allows a download speed that is up to 30% higher than with 4G.
    Proximus has to continue to comply with the current radiation standards for its 5G Light product as well.

    Telenet will be gradually launching its mobile 5G network as of December 2021.

    The first 5G zones are located around Leuven, Antwerp and the coast. Customers with a 5G smartphone and a ONE, ONEup, KLIK and KING or KONG Business subscription will be the first to experience the benefits of this new technology. The other mobile products of Telenet, Telenet Business and BASE will follow in the spring of 2022. The 5G network will then be developed in the following years.

    Currently 5G test licences are also deployed for 5G testing.

    All you need to know about 5G

  • FAQ

    Installing a Wi-Fi repeater is not an ideal solution.

    In practice, an older repeater model will halve the maximum speed of your Internet connection.

    Apart from that a Wi-Fi repeater should always be placed at a location where the signal is still good.

  • FAQ

    We do not issue ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) codes: these are four-letter codes for geographic classification which are assigned to each airport around the world.

    International Civil Aviation Organization codes

  • FAQ

    With these tips you can do something about that.

    Modem and router

    No Internet without a modem and router.

    • A modem translates the signal your operator injects through cable, ADSL or fibre into a signal that your PC, smart TV etc. can read, thus ensuring the Internet connection.
    • The modem transmits the Internet signal to the router which distributes that signal across different devices.
      The modem and router functionalities are often combined in one single device.

    Place your modem (which generally also includes the Wi-Fi router) in the best spot.

    The best spot is:

    • Central: the further away you are from the transmitter, the weaker the signal;
    • As high as possible;
    • Away from obstacles: the signal circulates better when the modem is situated on a cleared spot. The walls and doors are also obstacles between you and the modem that transmits the Wi-Fi signal;
    • Away from other specific devices: electronic equipment operating on radio signals, such as baby alarms, weather stations, cordless telephones ..., can interfere with your Wi-Fi signal. Make sure there is a minimum distance of 30 cm between such equipment and your modem. Better still: switch them off if you use the Wi-Fi connection. 

    Change the frequency band

    Another Wi-Fi channel can result in a bigger Internet range. Three frequency bands are currently available to transmit Wi-Fi signals:

    • 2.4 GHz (2400-2483.5 MHz): this frequency band is used a lot, so that there is much traffic on this network. This sometimes results in a slower connection. By contrast this band has the advantage that the signals travel further and penetrate obstacles such as walls, floors ... more easily;
    • 5.0 GHz (5150-5350 MHz and 5470-5725 MHz): in general this network is more stable because there is less interference from other equipment. Considering the available bandwidth this band allows for a much bigger capacity compared to the 2.4 GHz. This band is supported by most, but not all receivers. Moreover, this frequency band has the disadvantage that the distance the signals can travel is smaller than in the 2.4 GHz band. The higher the frequency band, the more difficult it is for signals to penetrate through obstacles;
    • 6 GHz (5945-6425 MHz):  This frequency band provides a higher bitrate, a shorter response time and better management of the connections in case of a high density of users, as for public hotspots. To fully benefit from its use, compatible equipment is required however. (more information)

    Change the Wi-Fi channel

    Wi-Fi routers distribute the signal across various devices. In principle they automatically select a channel for the Wi-Fi network. However, you can improve the Wi-Fi signal by selecting a channel manually, e.g. if the neighbours are using the same channel (which could interfere with your connection). 

    The 2.4 GHz frequency band has 13 channels with a bandwidth of 20 MHz. Choose another channel in case of interference.

    The 5 GHz frequency band has 23 channels with a bandwidth of 20 MHz. The channels above 5.47 GHz (with numbers starting from 100) are the most powerful, but they are not suited for all types of equipment. These channels can be combined in order to obtain 160 MHz (two channels of 160 MHz maximum as this frequency band is divided into different sections). 

    The new 6 GHz band is divided into seven channels with a bandwidth of 160 MHz and 14 more traditional 80 MHz channels. Here compatible devices (and routers) are required as well.

    The available Wi-Fi channels can be scanned and measured with specific software, such as a “Wi-Fi Analyzer” for Android, or “inSSIDer” for Windows and “Network Analyzer” for iOS.

    On your operator’s website an explanation is given on how to select a different Wi-Fi channel.

    Could my equipment be the cause of the problem?

    Older tablets, PCs, smartphones ... slow down your Wi-Fi connection. Avoid connecting your Wi-Fi to devices that are older than 5 years. Not only will the Wi-Fi work slower for this device, it also has an impact on the performance of other, more recent devices that use the Wi-Fi.
    If you want to use older equipment anyway, do not connect it to the Wi-Fi, but use an Ethernet cable instead (at least Cat. 5 or 6). In any case an Ethernet cable will offer a faster and more reliable connection than Wi-Fi for any device.

    Before buying new devices, you should also check whether they at least support the Wi-Fi 5 standard (802.11ac) and maximum the Wi-Fi 6 or 6E standard (802.11ax). The recent Wi-Fi 6E uses the same technology as Wi-Fi 6 but makes use of the 6 GHz band and allows for more broadband connections at the same time.

    Attention: the Wi-Fi 6E frequency bands in Europe differ from those in the United States so always check whether the equipment is indeed suited for use in Europe before your purchase.

    Do not simultaneously connect too many devices to the Wi-Fi either, in order not to overload the network; if necessary opt for “wired” Internet and use an Ethernet cable. If that is not possible, you can use an Ethernet adapter, which will then enable you to connect an Ethernet cable by way of a USB port.

  • FAQ

    A station authorisation is required for a radio (TX/RX), a DMA, an ELT (fixed or portable), a radar, a transponder, an ATC transponder, a TCAS, a VDR, a weather radio, a radio altimeter, a satellite communication system (SATCOM)... This list is not exhaustive but an authorisation is required for all devices emitting electromagnetic waves. In case of doubt, please contact our department.

  • FAQ

    An application form is available. The authorisation is charged: € 19,05 to pay on the account of BIPT: IBAN BE68 6791 7078 1634 (BIC : PCHQBEBB), with the reference “Aeronautical authorisation”.

    You must enclose:

    • the copy of the proof of the payment of € 19,05;
    • In case of an application on behalf of a company or association, a copy of the articles of association.

    Please note that the aircraft must be registered with the DGAT.

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