This website only uses cookies that are necessary for its proper functioning. You cannot block them if you want to have access to this website. BIPT does not use cookies for analytical purposes.

  • FAQ

    5G is introduced in Belgium in keeping with the European guidelines. With the 5G Action Plan for Europe the European Commission suggested a coordinated roll-out of 5G as early as 2016. The European Union designated three preferential frequency bands for the 5G technology: 700 MHz, 3.5 GHz and 26 GHz. The European Electronic Communications Code, approved by the European Parliament and the Council (in which also Belgium is represented by the competent minister) and which had to be transposed into Belgian law by 21 December 2020, imposed a specific schedule on the Member States for the introduction of 5G in these frequency bands.
    This schedule is binding. By the end of June 2020 the deadline for making the 700 MHz band available expired, the period of validity of the user rights for the other pioneer bands had to end by 31 December 2020 at the latest.

    The introduction in Belgium was the result of a long democratic process. It started in May 2017 with a public consultation about draft texts for the organisation of the auction of the 3400-3800 MHz band. Those texts were adopted by the federal Council of Ministers in July 2018. Prior to proceeding to an auction, the Consultation Committee, the body for the alignment of the different Belgian governments’ policies, has to come to an agreement regarding this. 

    At the same time as the deliberations in the Consultation Committee, the federal Parliament was informed as well. On 11 December 2019 a hearing regarding the 5G roll-out took place and a topical debate on 5 February.

    In the absence of a political agreement and with the European deadline for the introduction of 5G in sight, the BIPT initiated a procedure for the granting of temporary user rights in a part of the 3600 MHz band for the provision of 5G. Early 2020, the BIPT launched a call for candidates. The draft decision for the granting of the temporary licences to the candidate operators (Cegeka, Entropia Investments BVBA, Orange Belgium, Proximus and Telenet Group), including the terms and conditions for use, such as the technical requirements, the fees due, the validity of the licence ... was published for public consultation on 23 March 2020. 

    On 22 January 2021, the federal Council of Ministers reviewed the 5G case and ratified a bill and a number of Royal Decrees enabling the auction of 5G rights in our country following the approval of, among others, the Consultation Committee. 

    On 26 May 2021 the Consultation Committee already approved the bill, which was adopted in the Chamber’s plenary assembly on 17 June and was published in the Belgian Official Gazette on 6 July 2021.

    Following this, a public consultation was held from 16 July until 31 August 2021 on the Royal Decrees further implementing the multiband auction during which 5G user rights shall be put up for auction as well.

    On November 24, 2021, the consultation committee gave its final approval regarding the royal decrees for the auction of 5G spectrum. After the publication of the royal decrees, BIPT will start with the preparations for the auction. This is planned for the second quarter of 2022.

  • FAQ

    A wireless local area network allows you to interconnect your devices and radio waves enable the rapid exchange of data.

    The term “Wi-Fi” was coined to get a simpler term to refer to the standards of the group IEEE 802.11, which are the ones used for wireless networks. Since 1999, several versions have followed one another, improving the quality of data transmitted per second, the signal range or the connection quality. The latest publicly accessible version is called Wi-Fi 6 (the official name of the standard is “IEEE 802.11ax”).

    Several devices are already compatible with Wi-Fi 6 or Wi-Fi 6E; these are very recent. Concerning your modem/router, there will be some time before this technology is included. At present, the Wi-Fi signal transmitted by your modem/router uses two frequency bands (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz):

    • 2.4 GHz: This frequency band, shared by numerous types of use, enables the transmission of signals over long distances and is not affected by barriers created by walls or floors;
    • 5 GHz: This frequency band is more stable and faster. Regarding data transmission, it has more and broader channels: there are 13 channels of 20 MHz or 40 MHz on 2.4 GHz. On 5 GHz, there are 13 channels of 20, 40 and 80 MHz. Most receivers are compatible with this band, which is a bit more sensitive to the presence of obstacles than the 2.4 GHz band.

    Wi-Fi 6 also uses these frequency bands. In the next development, Wi-Fi 6E (E meaning “extended”) will add the 6 GHz band.

    Compared with the previous versions, Wi-Fi 6 and Wi-Fi 6E offer:

    • A higher speed (channels up to 120 MHz);
    • A shorter response time;
    • A better connection management in case of high user density (when a large number of users are simultaneously connected to the same network, at the same location).

    With the addition of the 6 GHz band and its 480 MHz of additional bandwidth, Wi-Fi 6E will offer more frequencies and a higher speed (up to 11 Gbps in theory).

    Last but not least, it better manages the active and sleep status of connected devices. Less strain will be put on the batteries of smartphones, tablets and laptops and they will thus last longer.

    The transition to Wi-Fi 6E will not be mandatory. Current devices, even if they do not have access to the new band, can still be used without any problems.

  • FAQ

    There are several examination levels, from beginner to advanced.

    • For beginners: 

    Examination C (basic operator certificate) consists of 30 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual. 
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong answer or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score 80%. 
    No exemptions are granted on the subject matters.
    To take this exam, you must hold a certificate confirming that you passed a practical test organised by a radio amateur association recognised by the IBPT.

    • For novices: 

    Examination B (novice operator certificate) consists of 38 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual (20 questions on the technical aspects, 10 questions on the legislation and 8 questions on the procedures).
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score at least 50% for each component. 
    No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

    • For experts: 

    Examination A (HAREC operator certificate) consists of 48 multiple choice questions on the subject matters covered by the manual (30 questions on the technical aspects, 10 questions on the legislation and 8 questions on the procedures).
    A correct answer scores 1 point; a wrong or a lack of answer scores 0 point. To pass the exam one has to score at least 50% for each component. 
    No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

  • FAQ

    Access to the examination room is only granted upon presentation of your ID card.

    • The VHF examination consists of 20 multiple choice questions about the subject matter covered by the preparation manual for the examination to obtain the radiotelephone operator’s restricted certificate. To pass the exam one has to score 60%. No exemptions are granted on the subject matter.
      If you wish a printed version of the VHF manual, please transfer €5 on the account IBAN BE68 6791 7078 16 34 (BIC: PCHQBEBB) with the communication “VHF Manual” and send a copy of the proof of payment per e-mail to maritime@ibpt.be.
    • The SRC examination consists of 33 multiple choice questions (23 SRC and 10 VHF) about the subject matters covered by the examination programme. To pass the exam one has to score 60% for each subject matter. No exemptions are granted on subject matters.

  • FAQ

    Send an e-mail to examen@bipt.be with your last name, first name, postal details (address), your phone number, a copy of both sides of your ID card and a passport-sized photograph (with a white background). There is a €32,03 registration fee, which is non-refundable.

    In case of an annulment more than one week before the exam or upon presentation of a medical certificate, the registration fee can be moved to another date.

    For the SRC exam, you must also enclose an SRC training certificate issued by an approved training centre (link to FAQ3). Attention, it is only valid for one year. After that, the certificate will not be accepted.

    Our department will contact you to propose examination dates. Once your application is registered, you will receive a conformation e-mail mentioning the payment information as well as other information.

    Registration is possible up to two weeks before the examination date, as long as places are available.

  • FAQ

    Send an e-mail to examen@ibpt.be with your last name, first name, postal details (address), your phone number and a copy of both sides of your ID card.

    If you wish to take a level C exam, please enclose the certificate of achievement of a practical test organised by a recognised association.

    Our department will contact you to propose examination dates.

    Please note that you must be at least 12 years old to take an exam.

  • FAQ

    This information is described in the radio amateur frequency plan table which is based on a decision of the BIPT.

  • FAQ

    These changes only concern sales by professionals  to private individuals (B2C).

    Example: an online purchase by a Belgian consumer on a Chinese platform. 

    • The purchaser must pay the VAT on all goods imported in the EU from third countries.
    • For goods up to €150 bought online from outside the EU, the purchaser shall pay the VAT during the purchase if the seller is registered in the new import one-stop shop (IOSS).
    • If the seller is not registered in the IOSS or if the purchase amount exceeds €150, the purchaser will in principle pay the VAT to the courier during the delivery.

    To avoid any surprises, please check carefully from whom you are purchasing, especially if the VAT and the import duty are included in the selling price. Check your order and your invoice!

    All you need to know about the new VAT e-commerce rules (Information for consumers in the EU).

    More info avaliable on the website of the Federal  Public Service FINANCE:

  • FAQ

    5G further increases the mobile networks’ capacity for these to be able to continue to digest the still rapidly increasing mobile data traffic. For instance, a tenfold increase has been reported for data traffic in the past 5 years.

    In addition, 5G supports the Internet of Things and new applications, for instance for the automotive industry, health care and media and entertainment.

    5G aims at continuing to improve the mobile networks’ possibilities. Three spearheads can be distinguished in this regard:

    • an increase of the data speed per user and an increase of the mobile networks’ capacity in order to be able to manage the future growth of the mobile traffic. This will result in a better user experience and allow applications requiring more speed, e.g. Ultra-High Definition Video, Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality …;
    • an improved reliability and latency. This allows to develop innovative services, the latency of which is crucial, for instance autonomous driving;
    • an increase of the number of devices that can be connected in a given area. This boosts the growth of the Internet of Things, which allows a more efficient management and follow-up not only in various sectors but in your home environment as well (Smart Homes, Smart Ports, Smart Agriculture ...).

  • FAQ

    At the request of the Brussels Region, the BIPT carried out a study in September 2018 already, to determine which radiation standards would be necessary to roll out mobile 5G networks (5G). The technical report regarding the impact of the current Brussels radiation standards on the roll-out of mobile networks concluded that, taking into account the expected increase in data traffic and a desired roll-out of 5G, the radiation standards needed to be adjusted. The report was about 5G roll-out, but it also warned that 4G networks too risked congestion in the long run. That was confirmed by the study of 8 March 2021, in which the BIPT predicts the risks of congestion of the 4G networks in 3 major cities:

    • The study predicts that the 4G networks in Antwerp do not risk a considerable congestion.
    • In Liège the risk of a partial congestion during peak hours is expected for 4G networks. 
    • For Brussels the study warns against a risk of a major congestion during peak hours for 4G networks.

Newsletter subscription

To receive alerts via email, please enter your email address and your interest(s).

BIPT processes these personal data (e-mail address (possibly your name and forename) and interests) in order to send you these messages; your data will no longer be processed and will be deleted if you unsubscribe from this service.

You will have to confirm your subscription. You can unsubscribe or modify your profile at any time by clicking on the unsubscription link or by contacting us at webmaster@bipt.be.

Learn more about cookies or the protection of your data.

Back to top